Toro (literally “light basket” or “light tower”) originated, like many elements of traditional Japanese architecture, in China. Originally, lanterns were only used in Japan to line the paths of Buddhists temples. Stone lanterns were eventually popularized during the Momoyama period (1568-1600) by tea masters, who used them to decorate their gardens.
Many different types of lanterns can be found throughout Roji-en. Some are strategically placed just downstream from a waterfall, overlooking a water feature, or lining a path, but all serve mostly as decoration. Here are a few common styles of stone lanterns found in Roji-en, and where to look for them.
Kasuga-doro. This lantern is a tachi-gata, or pedestal type, and represented a guardian at the entrances of temples or tea gardens. Kasuga-doro lanterns can be seen around the South Gate, Challenger Point, the Yamato-kan bridge and Yamato Island.
Rokkaku Yukimi. This lantern is known as the “snow-viewing” lantern. The upturned roof catches snow, inviting viewers to appreciate a garden in a season when most gardens are frozen. This type of lantern can be found at the Modern Garden overlooking the pond.
Kotoji. Kotoji means “harp tuner.” The two legs of this lantern resemble the tuning forks of the koto, a quintessential Japanese instrument. One leg of the lantern stands on land while the other dips into the water, reflecting the interdependence of land and water. A kotoji lantern can also be referred to as a “wet foot-dry foot” lantern. This type of lantern can be seen in our Modern Garden creek.